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如果你懂英文,你会很受益……呵呵……

 
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alibaba45
三朝元老 
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注册时间: 2002-12-08
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帖子发表于: 2005-12-08 11:43    发表主题: 如果你懂英文,你会很受益……呵呵…… 引用并回复 1楼

撒花欢呼

I was attending radiology classes at vet school when I first had the chance to see a VHS tape by respected dog authority Rachel Page Elliot. The tape was about the dynamics of canine gait and used a technique that employed X-rays to produce a film rather than just a single still picture.


It was fascinating to see the canine structure in actual motion and to see the coordinated movement of the bones as a dog trotted on a treadmill and his gait was recorded continuously.


As the film progressed, my feelings were a bit different, and with all due respect to the huge contribution of Mrs. Elliot to the sport of dogs, I did not think that the film was stirring me in the right direction. On top of that, I also felt that the excessive exposure of the dogs to the X-rays was harmful and that outweighed the benefits of the experiment.


Please, don’t crucify me for disagreeing with that particular line of work of Mrs. Elliot. I’d like to express in the next paragraphs a different approach that I hope will give some food for thought.


I believe that the very essence of dog judging is the result of a fine blend of art and science. These ingredients have to be perfectly balanced in a judge’s mind in order to produce sound results. Excess of one will come at the expense of the other.


In order to maintain the proper balance in judging dogs, one must realize that what is being evaluated is, in many cases, the surface of the animal, the so-called exterior and to do that properly, X-rays and other imaging techniques will not help. On the contrary, they will absolutely hinder by generating confusion.


The most glaring example of this is the description of eye shapes in the different breeds. Some are circular, others are almond-shaped, others are triangular and so forth. Obviously, all these animals have perfectly espheric eyes if we were to go past the surface, nonetheless the shape of the eyes as described in different standards refer to the shape created by the upper and lower eyelids when the eyes are open and the dog is fully alert. Even though this is a very obvious statement, it exemplifies the importance of evaluating the exterior


Fig. 1: By looking at a stacked dog, try to find
the key points that determine front and rear angulations


Fig. 2: After the key points are established, try to see the lines that are created and how they intersect.

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alibaba45
三朝元老 
三朝元老 


注册时间: 2002-12-08
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来自: 瀋陽Q77893344 http://77893344.q-zone.qq.com
135.0 宠币

帖子发表于: 2005-12-08 11:44    发表主题: 引用并回复 2楼

Another example of the concept is the fact that many dogs have the most dead-straight top lines, however the spinal column underneath is never assembled as a straight line, it has natural curves that are anatomically necessary and normal.


A very important structure addressed by Mrs. Elliot is the discovery that the scapula does not ever lay at a 45 degree angle with the horizontal, neither is the humerus in a 90 degree angle with the scapula. That statement does not exclude the fact that the shoulders can, and often do lay at a 45-degree angle with the horizontal and the upper arm can indeed form a 90-degree angle with the shoulder. Please notice the difference in nomenclature. I absolutely differentiate the scapula from the shoulders and the humerus from the upper arm.


The scapula and the humerus are the bones that along with muscles, tendons and ligaments and skin form the assembly that determines the front angulation.


When you are judging dogs’ fronts, you try to establish the point at the withers that will determine the tip of the shoulder, next the point of the shoulder is accessed, and thirdly the elbow will determine 3 points and the lines connecting these 3 points will determine an angle that, ideally in many breeds, should be close to 90 degrees. With a bit of training and some “eye for dogs” this can be obtained with ease.


Now to be absolutely precise and correct, angles are mathematical parameters that are determined by the intersection of two straight lines. The shortest distance between two points is a straight line. Bones on the other hand are not straight. The parameters used to evaluate angles start with finding specific points, determining the connecting straight lines and evaluating the manner in which they intersect – those are the angles you are looking for. You can find them on the dog’s surface and not on an X-ray.


Please let me underline that the correct point to determine the bottom point of the upper arm is the elbow, which is a part of the ulna, a bone of the forearm. If you are trying to evaluate the front angulation by limiting to the humerus, you are just knocking at the wrong door.


Fig. 3: You are supposed to judge the dog as you can see it in front of you.

Fig. 4: This drawing of the dog’s skeleton shows that the parameters to judge angulation are not exactly overlapping the underlying bones.

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alibaba45
三朝元老 
三朝元老 


注册时间: 2002-12-08
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帖子发表于: 2005-12-08 11:45    发表主题: 引用并回复 3楼

The questionability of X-rays gets even clearer when we take a look at the rear angulation. The croup does have some close relationship with the major bones that structure it, the illium, ischium and pubis, or simply the pelvic bone. The first point that determines rear angulation is the protuberance of the hipbone, next is the rearmost projection of the hipbone, and third is the knee joint. The drawing above shows clearly that that angle barely acknowledges the presence of the femur, yet for judging purposes the rear angle, as we defined it, can very well be in balance with the front angle and be of 90 degrees, too.


The positioning of the actual bones does have an impact on the angles and overall canine conformation, there is no doubt about it, however they are not the exact parameters to evaluate dogs properly.


Please let me be redundant and stress this point one more time: Angulation as defined for dog judging is evaluated on the surface of the dog by determining the key points of structure, the straight lines those points generate and the resulting angles that arise from their intersection.


A great book to find more about angles and balance as well as the fundamentals of movement is the original Dog Steps by Mrs. Rachel Page Elliot. That book, along with Lyons’ The Dog in Action are great sources to expand our knowledge in the basics of canine conformation and evaluation.


X-rays and MRIs are very useful methods of evaluating anatomical structures and pathological changes they may suffer. However, as tools for perfecting dog judging, they have little or no importance as they focus on different parameters and ultimately generate the misconception that a scientific tool may replace the balance between the art and science of dog judging.


Fig. 5: This X-ray of a side view of the hip joint shows how distant the articulation of the femur to the hip bone actually is from the intersecting points that determine the rear angulation.

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蓝方
宠物天使
宠物天使


注册时间: 2005-07-03
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来自: 母体
47.5 宠币

帖子发表于: 2005-12-08 13:37    发表主题: 引用并回复 4楼

看得头疼~~~~~~~~要消化
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被黑白摄影给毒啦。。。
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lbite
宠物爱人
宠物爱人


注册时间: 2005-05-10
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0.0 宠币

帖子发表于: 2005-12-08 14:23    发表主题: 引用并回复 5楼

干脆不看,等到翻译
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阿建
三朝元老 
三朝元老 


注册时间: 2005-07-15
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0.7 宠币

帖子发表于: 2006-03-23 06:28    发表主题: 引用并回复 6楼


这一篇放了三个多月没人动,我来试试翻译前几小段,后面的希望有人能接下去翻!

I was attending radiology classes at vet school when I first had the chance to see a VHS tape by respected dog authority Rachel Page Elliot. The tape was about the dynamics of canine gait and used a technique that employed X-rays to produce a film rather than just a single still picture.
我参加了兽医学校的放射线医学的课程.这是我第一次有机会看到受敬重的Rachel Page Ellliot女仕所拍的VHS录像带. 这个带子是用X光来录制关于犬种行动步态的动力学而不仅仅是一张不会动的像片.

It was fascinating to see the canine structure in actual motion and to see the coordinated movement of the bones as a dog trotted on a treadmill and his gait was recorded continuously.
能够在实际的运动中来看犬种的结构和当狗在小跑步时来看骨骼的协调和步态并且连续的纪录下来是非常好的.

As the film progressed, my feelings were a bit different, and with all due respect to the huge contribution of Mrs. Elliot to the sport of dogs, I did not think that the film was stirring me in the right direction. On top of that, I also felt that the excessive exposure of the dogs to the X-rays was harmful and that outweighed the benefits of the experiment.
当带子在放映的同时我的感觉也有些不同,并且对于Elliot女仕对于犬种的活动有巨大贡献感到敬佩,我并不认为这个影片有正确的方向能让我感动.首先我认为过度的让狗暴露在X光之中对于狗是有伤害的而且其伤害更甚于这个实验所带来的利益!

Please, don’t crucify me for disagreeing with that particular line of work of Mrs. Elliot. I’d like to express in the next paragraphs a different approach that I hope will give some food for thought.
请别诋毁我并不同意Elliot女仕所做的这个工作.我希望能在下面几段文章中来表达不一样的看法,并希望能激起一些想法.

I believe that the very essence of dog judging is the result of a fine blend of art and science. These ingredients have to be perfectly balanced in a judge’s mind in order to produce sound results. Excess of one will come at the expense of the other.
我相信对于狗的评判是来自于非常精细的艺术和科学的交融.这些组成部分必须在裁判的思想中有完美的平衡来产生完美的结果.过与不及都会造成代价.

In order to maintain the proper balance in judging dogs, one must realize that what is being evaluated is, in many cases, the surface of the animal, the so-called exterior and to do that properly, X-rays and other imaging techniques will not help. On the contrary, they will absolutely hinder by generating confusion.
为了要保持审查狗时适当的平衡,必须要了解什么是被审查的项目.在很多例子中,狗的表面,也就是说狗的外表并且能做适当的审查.X光和其它的影像技术并不能帮助.相反的它们绝对会产生阻碍和造成混淆.


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Special dog only for special person!
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蓝方
宠物天使
宠物天使


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47.5 宠币

帖子发表于: 2006-03-23 11:27    发表主题: 引用并回复 7楼

怎么办才好呢? 送花给你! 送花给你! 你好伟大呀!
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被黑白摄影给毒啦。。。
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louish
宠物狂人
宠物狂人


注册时间: 2004-12-27
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来自: 台北-昆明
982.6 宠币

帖子发表于: 2006-03-24 03:59    发表主题: 引用并回复 8楼

感謝建哥翻譯些許片段,其他alibaba45有心張貼就別賣關子啦,翻來看看吧,先感謝分享啊,別忘記翻譯啊..謝謝啦...但這模特兒是什麼鳥後軀啊???實在看不懂,唉...... 鼓掌欢迎 撒花欢呼
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凯莎犬舍
宠物疯子
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帖子发表于: 2006-04-01 09:51    发表主题: 引用并回复 9楼

哈哈哈~~~
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肉虫虫
三朝元老 
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来自: 虫虫 CUTE!
158.1 宠币

帖子发表于: 2006-04-01 23:20    发表主题: 引用并回复 10楼

活不出来了
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俺是你头号粉丝~Q

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Siliyi
初来乍到
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0.0 宠币

帖子发表于: 2007-05-15 18:53    发表主题: 引用并回复 11楼

真后悔英语没学好~~
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